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JSPES, Vol. 46, No. 1-2 (Spring-Summer 2021)
pp. 2-26

Understanding the Venezuelan Crisis:
Origins and Current Situation

José U., Mora
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana – Cali., Colombia
Sadcidi, Zerpa de Hurtado
Universidad de Los Andes, Venezuela
Alberto J., Hurtado
Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Bogotá

The aim of this paper is to present the origins and development
of the current crisis in Venezuela and analyse the future
implications of relations between the de facto government of
Nicolas Maduro, the United States, Russia, China, Cuba, and
Middle Eastern Countries. All indications are that the situation
in Venezuela cannot be resolved in the near future, unless the
governments of Russia, China, Cuba, Iran, and the U.S., together with the government of the interim president of Venezuela and the de facto government of Nicolas Maduro, reach an agreement to create a transitional government and hold free and transparent elections.